The 2nd Congressional District of Illinois is a congressional district in Illinois. The district includes southern Cook, eastern Will, and Kankakee counties, as well as Chicago’s extreme southeast side. In 2011, the district was expanded to include all of Kankakee and parts of Cook and Will counties. Bradley, Bourbonnais, Calumet City, Chicago, Chicago Heights, Country Club Hills, Dolton, Harvey, Hazel Crest, Homewood, Kankakee, Lansing, Markham, Matteson, Park Forest, Richton Park, Riverdale, Sauk Village, Steger, and Thornton They were chosen in 2012 primaries and general elections, with the boundaries taking effect on January 3, 2013. Il s 2nd Congressional District is bordered by Indiana s 1st Congressional District to the north and west. Several miles of the district’s northeast boundary go along Lake Michigan. The district was formed in 1833, five months before Chicago was incorporated. Until 1853, the 2nd Congressional District comprised Southeastern Illinois and Northern Illinois. Born in 1853, it has been based in Chicago since 1903. After the 2000 census, the district’s population shifted outside of Chicago for the first time in 100 years, and its borders shifted outside of Cook County for the first time since 1873. Like the 1st District, this district’s residents are mostly black. The district has been dependably Democratic since the 1960s; it has elected Democrats to Congress for all but two times since 1935. Candidates for Congress from this district routinely received over 80% of the Blacks who have held it since 1981. Lake Calumet and the Port of Chicago, as well as the neighboring railroad industry, made the 2nd Congressional District a vibrant center of heavy industry for most of the 20th century. U.S. Steel employed 20,000 district residents at one time, but the Wisconsin Steelworks in South Deering closed in March 1980, and the South Works mill in South Chicago, which supplied steel for Chicago skyscrapers including the Sears Tower, closed in April 1992. ISG Riverdale (previously Acme Steel Co.) began shutting down in 2001 before being sold and reformed as a smaller company. Aside from the Chicago Assembly factory (where the Ford Taurus is built) and the Chicago Stamping plant in Chicago Heights, Ford Motor Company is the district’s most important remaining industrial presence. Like the 1st District, it has struggled to recover from recent economic downturns. Local colleges include Chicago State University in Roseland, Prairie State College in Chicago Heights, South Suburban College in South Holland, and Olive-Harvey College in Pullman. The University of Chicago is just west of the northern district. Included in the district are Harvey’s Ingalls Memorial Hospital, Advocate South Suburban Hospital in Hazel Crest, St. James Hospitals in Chicago Heights and Olympia Fields, Advocate Trinity Hospital in Calumet Heights, La Rabida Children’s Hospital in Woodlawn and Roseland Community Hospital. This is the district’s northernmost point. The Cook County Forest Preserves are distributed across the district’s suburban territory, especially northeast of Chicago Heights. Allied Tube and Conduit, a piping and electrical producer in Harvey, and UGN Inc., an automotive soundproofing maker in Chicago Heights are also prominent business and industrial presences in the district. The district includes the Coast Guard Station Calumet Harbor in the East Side and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Army Reserve Center in Homewood.